Senior Research Scientist I
Raul Caetano, MD, MPH, PhD is a psychiatrist and epidemiologist who has worked in public health for about 35 years. A native of Brazil, Dr. Caetano's MD is from the School of Medical Sciences, State University of Rio de Janeiro. His MPH (behavioral sciences) and his PhD (epidemiology) are from the University of California at Berkeley. He was Dean of the Southwestern School of Health Professions at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center from 2006 to 2014, and Regional Dean and Professor of Epidemiology, Dallas Regional Campus, University of Texas School of Public Health from 1998 to 2014. He has been a Senior Research Scientist at the Prevention Research Center of PIRE since January 2015. Dr. Caetano has written extensively about alcohol problems among U.S. ethnic minorities, especially among Hispanics. Other areas of research are psychiatric diagnosis and classifications, development of criteria for diagnosis of alcohol dependence, and the association between drinking and intimate partner violence. He has conducted numerous general population and clinical studies of alcohol problems among Whites, Blacks and Hispanics, and has more than 250 papers published in the peer reviewed literature. His research has been consistently supported by the NIH for over 30 years.
Dr. Caetano has also done international collaborative research with investigators in England, Argentina, Mexico, Spain and Brazil. He has served as a committee member for the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and as a member of the National Advisory Council of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism as well as a consultant for various state and federal agencies. He has received numerous awards in recognition for his research. In 1994 he was elected Fellow of the American College of Epidemiology, and in 1999 he received a prestigious MERIT award from the NIH. More recently, in 2013, he received a Senior Investigator National Research Award, from the National Hispanic Science Network. In 2014 he received the University of Texas Houston Health Science Center President's Research Scholar Award. In 2015 he was the recipient of the Betty Ford Award from the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA).
Senior Research Scientist
Carol Cunradi is a Senior Research Scientist at PIRE. She joined PRC in 1999 after completing her Ph.D in Epidemiology at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health. Prior to that, she earned her Master of Public Health degree (Epidemiology/Biostatistics), and completed a one-year NIAAA pre-doctoral fellowship in alcohol epidemiology at the Alcohol Research Group.
Carol's research has focused on (1) drinking and intimate partner violence among couples, and (2) alcohol and tobacco use among working-class occupational groups. Most recently, Carol has been the Principal Investigator of an NIAAA-funded R01 study, "Neighborhoods, Alcohol Outlets and Intimate Partner Violence. The goal of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of how environmental factors, such as alcohol outlet density and neighborhood social disadvantage, along with individual- and couple-level characteristics, increase risk for intimate partner violence. In terms of occupational studies, Carol is the PI of a 3-year project, Barriers to Blue-Collar HMO Smoking Cessation Participation, funded by the California Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program (TRDRP). The research is being conducted among bus operators and maintenance workers employed at a public transit agency in Oakland, with the goals of identifying the extent that aspects of the workplace social environment and structural factors serve as barriers to worker participation in free or low-cost HMO-based smoking cessation support activities, and determining how these barriers may be overcome.
Senior Research Scientist
Joel W. Grube received his AB in Psychology and Political Science from the University of California Berkeley (1971) and his MS (1975) and Ph.D. (1979) in Psychology from Washington State University. He was Coordinator of the Public Opinion Laboratory (1977-1978) and Assistant Director of the Social Research Center at Washington State University (1978-1981). Dr. Grube was a Senior Research Officer at the Economic and Social Research Institute in Dublin, Ireland (1981-1983) and a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in Alcohol Studies at the Prevention Research Center and School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley (1985-1986). He has been a Senior Research Scientist at the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation since 1986 and Director of the Center since 2003. He was a member of the Institute of Medicine/National Research Council Committee on Developing a Strategy to Reduce and Prevent Underage Drinking (2002-2003). He was elected Fellow of the American Psychological Association in 2009. His research broadly focuses on social-psychological and environmental factors influencing alcohol, tobacco, other drug use, and other problem behaviors among adolescents and young adults. His current research includes longitudinal studies on the effects of community, school, and family policies on drinking and smoking trajectories among youth; a study of a responsible retailing intervention to increase age-verification for purchase of alcoholic beverages; and a randomized community trial investigating the effects of family, school, and retailer interventions on access to and use of inhalants and other harmful legal products by youth.
Scientific Director, Senior Research Scientist
Dr. Paul J. Gruenewald has worked as a Senior Research Scientist at Prevention Research Center (PRC), Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), since 1987. His research interests focus upon studies of the social, economic and physical availability of alcohol, alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, evaluation methodologies appropriate to community-based preventive interventions, and geospatial analysis. Dr. Gruenewald is the Scientific Director of PRC, a research division of PIRE that focuses upon the development of sound scientific bases for the prevention of alcohol and drug problems. He also directs the Spatial Systems Group, a coordinating center for PIRE-wide work using Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Statistical Systems, and Spatial Dynamic Models. He has been a Principal or Co-Investigator on 24 funded research projects, he is currently Principal Investigator on the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Research Center Grant 'Environmental Approaches to Prevention' and Co-Principal Investigator on a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) to study the impacts of medical marijuana dispensaries on marijuana use, crime and related problems. He has received a National Institutes of Health (NIH) MERIT award in honor of his research achievements in studies of alcohol and violence. He currently serves as a National Advisory Council member to NIAAA.